Sooner or later you will need to send mails to your users from your application. Emmett provides a simple interface to set up SMTP with your application and to send messages to your users.
Let's start configuring a simple mailer within our application:
from emmett import App from emmett.tools import Mailer app = App(__name__) app.config.mailer.sender = "email@example.com" mailer = Mailer(app)
With just these lines the mailer is ready to send messages, using the local machine as the SMTP server and sending messages from the address firstname.lastname@example.org.
The mailer also accepts additional configuration parameters, here is the complete list:
||the address to use for the From value|
|server||127.0.0.1||the SMTP host to use|
|port||25||the SMTP port to use|
||the username to authenticate with (if needed)|
||the password to authenticate with (if needed)|
||decide if TLS should be used|
||decide if SSL should be used|
Now, let's see how to send messages.
We can create a simple message using the
message = mailer.mail( subject="Hello", body="A very important message", recipients=["email@example.com"])
and add another recipient later:
and when we are ready, we can just send it:
We can also create a message and send it directly:
mailer.send_mail( subject="Hello", body="A very important message", recipients=["firstname.lastname@example.org"])
or set an html content for the message:
message.html = "<b>Testing</b>"
Once you created a message, adding attachments is quite easy:
msg = mailer.mail(subject="See this") with open("image.png") as fp: msg.attach(filename="image.png", data=fp.read()) msg.recipients = ["email@example.com"] msg.send()
Note: The default encoding used by the mailer is utf-8.
When you are testing your application, or if you are in a development environment, it’s useful to be able to suppress email sending. Still, you may want to test some message was generated in your code, and you want to catch it.
The mailer provide a
store_mails method for this, so you can just write down:
with mailer.store_mails() as outbox: mailer.send_mail( subject='testing', body='test', recipients=["firstname.lastname@example.org"]) assert len(outbox) == 1 assert outbox.subject == "testing"
and the mailer just avoid the real sending of the message.
If you want to totally disable email sending, you can use the
suppress parameter in the configuration:
app.config.mailer.suppress = True
This will completely disable message sending.